Kunekune Pig

Sus scrofa scrofa kunekune

The friendly pigs love to sunbathe, mud bathe, and graze in their paddocks. Come meet Lil John, Agnus, and the rest of the pigs and piglets who all love to be scratched!

Species Information

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Kunekune pigs originate from New Zealand and are found on farmland, pasture, and woodlands.

In Māori, a native language of New Zealand, Kunekune means ‘small, round and fat’, which sums up the Kunekune pig well. They are the smallest breed of domestic pig with hair which can be straight or curly. Their snouts are short and upturned, so this makes it difficult for them to root and dig for food so instead they graze on grass. These pigs also may bear wattles, which are the small, fleshy tassels hanging from their lower chin. Wattles have no known function but are thought to just be a genetic trait ‘leftover’ from evolution or bred for aesthetically pleasing reasons.

They are the only grazing pig in the world, so they can survive on only grass without any further supplements. However, they also eat fruit, veg, plants, and most food items given to them.

15-20 years.

They are extremely intelligent pigs possessing fantastic memory and highly developed social learning skills, proving for the first time that pigs can learn by observing each other. Thus, they are social animals, usually living in a herd of females and their offspring or a bachelor group of males.

A sow will give birth to 3-14 piglets after a gestation period of 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days.

These pigs faced extinction in the 1980’s when there were only about 50 pure breeds left. However, after a breeding recovery programme has helped to repopulate the breed and they are no longer a concern, being widespread throughout Europe and America as well as their native country, New Zealand.

These pigs faced extinction in the 1980’s when there were only about 50 pure breeds left. However, after a breeding recovery programme has helped to repopulate the breed and they are no longer a concern, being widespread throughout Europe and America as well as their native country, New Zealand.