Threats to Australian Wildlife
By Rob Terrell
The unique wildlife down under is being threatened by a range of different local and global anthropogenic pressures. Read below for a brief introduction into how some these changes are impacting Australia’s native fauna and flora.
27 million acres and 1.25 billion animals were lost during the 2019 forest fires, influenced by global warming.
25% of the Great Barrier Reef corals are severely bleached.
Many endemic fauna and flora in Australia are threatened and continue to decline due to the introduction of non-native species. This has led to increased predation, introduced diseases, and more competition for resources.
Deforestation and land clearing due to agricultural expansion is a major cause of habitat loss for much of Australia’s biodiversity. Over 40% of the land in Australia is occupied by cattle and sheep grazing!
Northern Hairy-Nosed Wombat
Wombats are short yet broad bodied marsupials who have cubed poo! However, a combination of diseases and predation introduced by invasive species, wildfires, and agricultural clearing has led to this species to be classed as Critically Endangered. It is estimated that only 250 northern hairy-nosed wombats now remain in the wild.